Fala "traduzida"um tanto ...para o inglês no site do Fronteiras:
It’s always pointed out, indicated,
in an elitist way,
an intellectualist way of Lights.
And, in fact,
at least this Diderotian stream,
tried to retake and radicalize
an idea of democratization of knowledge,
which is not particular of PSTU
or PSOL, so it’s
an interesting thing.
to make an absolutely perfect circle,
to draw a perfect circle,
it is necessary that the individual is a genius,
and that he has fantastic body virtuosity.
But if you have the compass,
the perfect circle is made
by millions of people.
So, the perfect circle, instead of being
the summit, is the base for continuing.
This is a very interesting democratization
and, he says, the method
of Philosophy and in Science
is precisely the compass,
to help establishing a minimum
degree for most of mankind.
And afterwards, those which are
the most daring, the deepest,
proceed with the project of improvement
of knowledge and arts.
So, in this direction,
the thought of Lights,
especially the Diderot line,
is democratic in a different way
Because, for Rousseau,
given his identification
with the degradation of humanity
with technique, with painting,
with art in general
and with politics,
he refuses to take
this human production
as something good.
And Diderot’s perspective
is precisely the opposite.
So, if you want Democracy,
if you want a Republic,
you need the population
not to be guided
half a dozen intellectuals,
or half a dozen priests
or half a dozen statesmen.
You need the population to take
its destine into their hands.
In the plan of University for Russia,
he mentions the case
of the Reformation.
And the Reformation enable
reading for peasants.
At the moment it enabled reading,
it has also enabled rudimental arithmetic.
At the moment the peasants
had rudimental arithmetic,
they became hated by the Junkers,
because they bought cheap land,
cheap products, etc.
Once the peasants could calculate,
that was too much.
So, he says, you need to extend that.
You need to create some kind of catechism
of civic values for people.
And it’s from this inspiration
that comes the idea
of propagating this
as much as possible.
You see, it’s different
from the idea of publishing.
It’s not publishing cheap.
It’s not making a little magazine
that is released
in the newsstand mistakenly explaining
Physics or Chemistry. No.
It’s to amplify as much as possible
people’s capability of acquiring
knowledge, dominating it.
in the plan of University, he says,
there is no specialized University.
If we gave the task of creating
a University to a mathematician,
he would make everything towards Math,
if we gave the task to a priest,
everything would be towards Theology.
If we gave it to a lawyer,
it would face Law.
No. The University is a place where
all human actions should be
investigated and worked through.
So, if you have
this idea, he says,
the calculation o probabilities
indicates that it is easier to find
a genius in one hundred cottages
than in one palace.
Conheça os conferencistas que passaram pelo palco do Fronteiras e acesse suas biografias e os vídeos relacionados.
ROBERTO ROMANO Filósofo Roberto Romano é professor de Ética e Filosofia na
Universidade Estadual de Campinas - UNICAMP, São Paulo. Em seus estudos,
analisa a obra de Descartes, Espinoza, Diderot, Rosseau, D'Alembert,
Condillac, dentre outros pensadores. Como escritor, destacam-se as obras
O caldeirão de Medeia, Moral e ciência: a monstruosidade no século XVIII e Ponta de lança. Conferência: Democracia, justiça e eleições Data: 12 de junho de 2007 - Porto Alegre